Composting is a great way to reduce the amount of trash you create which in turn reduces your carbon footprint and the impact you have on the environment. Plus it can provide you with a nice rich soil additive perfect for your flower or vegetable garden. You can also put it around trees and shrubs or under mulch.

Composting doesn’t take much time or effort compared to the amount of waste it eliminates.

Composting Supplies
  • Jar or container with a lid. Keep it on the counter top or easily accessible in a cupboard
  • Composting bin. You can purchase one or make your own. The best ones rotate or tumble making it easier to turn the contents. To break down the contents need air and moisture and turning speeds up the process.
  • Garden fork if your composter isn’t a tumbler style. 
Materials to Compost
  • Vegetable scraps
  • Fruit scraps
  • Coffee grounds and filters
  • Egg shells
  • Dry leaves
  • Grass clippings 
How to Make Compost
  1. When the food scraps container is full, empty it into the compost bin. Add leaves or grass clippings when you have them. A balance of materials is good. Don’t put weeds or other undesirable plants in the composter. They may germinate later and you don’t want that.
  2. If you’d like items to compost faster sprinkle with water occasionally or leave the top open when it’s going to rain. 
  3. To aerate the pile, if your bin doesn’t tumble, use a garden fork to turn it over every once in awhile. Turning frequency depends on the amount of materials being added and how often. If you add a lot of materials in a short amount of time turn more frequently.
I compost food scraps almost exclusively. In the fall I do add some leaves to it but not many.

The amount of time it takes for compost to be ready to use depends on the composter, climate, and other conditions. In warm more humid climates the food materials will break down faster. In colder, dryer climates it’ll take longer. In the winter months mine doesn’t break down at all.

Another thing to consider is having more than one bin, for a couple reasons. If you produce a lot of compostable material you may find you fill up the bin quickly. Fill one and move on to the next. If it takes awhile for material to compost down add material to a bin for a certain amount of time, say 4-6 months, stop adding to it and move on to the next. That way the material in the first bin can continue to break down.

Do not add meat scraps, cooked food, fat or oils, dairy products, weeds, or animal feces to the compost. These items can make the compost smell bad, attract animals and cause problems in the garden.

There are many small, seemingly insignificant things you can do to help the environment. You may be thinking how can I, just one person, make a difference. Well, when a whole bunch of individuals make a change the next thing you know there are millions of people doing it and that can have a HUGE impact!

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Note: There may be affiliate links in this post. • I am not a doctor. All information is for educational use only and is not intended as a substitute for advice from your physician or other health care professional.


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